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France: a Mobility Law to revolutionise how we travel
The government bill will be presented to Parliament in September for final adoption at the end of the year, with the aim of: making tangible improvements to the daily travel practices of all citizens in all regions.
The government bill aims to ensure that throughout the country, an organising mobility authority (AOM) is responsible for proposing alternative transport solutions to the private car: car-sharing, carpooling, on-demand transport, socially responsible transport, etc.
Mobility solutions for people with disabilities will be promoted by improving information about accessible solutions and guaranteeing reduced fares for people accompanying them.
Members of Parliament have given the départements and mayors the authority to increase the speed limit on secondary roads under their control.
The bill provides for a driving licence reform, with a series of measures designed to reduce the cost and time required to obtain a licence.
The bill also provides for the dissemination of real-time data (stops, timetables, fares, disruptions, availability, etc.) on mobility offerings (public transport, on-demand transport, road networks, parking provision) throughout France by the end of 2021.
The text also establishes a framework for the development of new self-service mobility services on public roads: electric scooters, bicycles and scooter bikes without a designated home station.
To reduce transport-generated greenhouse gas emissions, the bill sets a target of achieving a five-fold increase in electric car sales by 2022, and of ending sales of vehicles powered by fossil fuels (petrol, diesel and natural gas) by 2040.
The bill envisages the creation of a “sustainable mobility contribution”, as of January 2020, enabling employers, on a voluntary basis, to pay up to €400 per year – exempt from income tax and social security contributions – to employees who cycle or car-share for their home-work journeys.
A €350 million bicycle fund will be created to complete fragmented cycle path networks and progressively generalise bicycle marking in order to combat theft. Cycling instruction will be provided in schools from 2022 onwards.
Local authorities will be able to establish low-emission zones (LEZ) in larger cities, on a voluntary basis. Access to these zones will be restricted to the cleanest vehicles and will be based on the Crit'air sticker system.
Sources: www.ecologique-solidaire.gouv.fr ; www.vie-publique.fr